Named after Malaysia’s first Prime Minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al Haj, Masjid Putra with its trademark pink domes is one of Putrajaya’s popular landmarks. Surrounded by Putrajaya Lake and facing Putra Square – two other popular attractions in Putrajaya – the mosque was built between 1997 and 1999.
The mosque is modelled after the Persian Islamic architecture of the Safavid period, with some design elements borrowed from other mosques around the world. Its basement wall is reminiscent of the one in Morocco’s King Hassan Mosque, while its 116-metre minaret resembles that of the Sheikh Omar Mosque in Baghdad, Iraq. Masjid Putra consists of three main areas – a 12-column main prayer hall, a landscaped courtyard named The Sahn and an area housing a religious learning centre and function rooms. The mosque can accommodate 15,000 worshippers at a time.
The Masjid Putra, commonly known as the ‘Pink Mosque’ on account of its rose-tinted granite structure and striking pink domes, is undoubtedly the most iconic structure in Putrajaya besides the green onion- domed building of Perdana Putra, the Prime Minister’s Office. Situated on the edge of a man-made lake, the mosque is amongst a number of modern architectural marvels in the ‘Garden Intelligent City’ of Putrajaya.
The mosque’s monumental dome, clad in glazed pink tiles, pointed clerestory windows and soaring geometrical minaret is a culmination of various Islamic architectural influences. In contrast to the Masjid
Negara in Kuala Lumpur, Masjid Putra exudes clear expressions of multiple Islamic architectural elements originating from the Middle-East. The imposing nature of the mosque is expressed through three main elements, which are the grand mosque’s structure, courtyard or sahn and the 116 metres (380 feet) minaret. Despite enjoying its strong and imposing image, sahn has been used as a transition space between the outer world and religious realms. This has also been demarcated by a monumental arched portal.
The Masjid Putra is sited fronting the large Putra Square, and the man-made lagoon is connected from the public square’s level of the promenade in a sloping nature, with waterfront landscaped gardens beautifying the area. It is linked to the Putrajaya Boulevard and commercial district of Precinct 2 through the Persian-inspired Putra Bridge. At the promenade, the Souq Putrajaya with various eatery places and shops are provided, with a basement level entrance of the mosque. In addition to the main pink dome, eight smaller pink domes with similar patterns are distributed across the cupolas of the main prayer hall building. They flank the main dome which sits on an octagonal tier above a flat roof. The square layout of the main prayer hall is richly crafted with intricate decorations in the Islamic tradition. Every single angle and corner is embellished with floral and decorative motifs. Twelve columns span the space, forming pointed arches across the hall.
The prayer hall is surrounded by a glass wall that provides an indirect source of natural lighting to illuminate the interior spaces. The front qibla wall is finished by floral plaster motifs on the each side of the mihrab, and diamond-shaped windows. The mihrab, placed in the centre of the three-segmented qibla wall, comprises a square frame supported by pilasters before the niche, which sits under a smaller arch. The marble frame is adorned with calligraphic inscriptions. The stairs of the elevated wooden
minbar lead to a pulpit platform topped with a dome embellished in gold